Outsport is the first European project to combat discrimination in sport based on sexual orientation and / or gender identity. As part of the Outsport Conference in Glasgow, the research team of the Institute for Sociology and Gender Research of the German Sport University Cologne – led by Professor Ilse Hartmann-Tews – presented first results of the EU-wide online survey on the experiences of LGBTI + in sport.
Nine out of ten respondents believe that sport has a problem with homophobia and transphobia. 12% of those who have been active in sports for the last 12 months report negative experiences with regard to their main sport due to their sexual orientation or gender identity. This proportion is highest among the trans women (male to female) with 31%. The most common negative experiences relate to homophobic and transphobic slurs (82%) and discrimination (75%), such as unequal opportunities. Alarming is also the frequency with which physical forms of violence (20%) and physical transgressions (36%) occur.
More than 100 representatives of sports organizations, the press and the LGBTI + community gathered information on the study, in which more than 5,500 LGBTI + people from all 28 EU countries participated. The age of the survey participants is between 16 and 78 years and is on average 27 years – with a very high participation of under 25 year olds.
The extensive data set, which also provides information about the sports experiences of LGBTI + persons who are currently no longer active in sport, is currently being further evaluated. A detailed report will be published at the beginning of next year at www.out-sport.eu
Outsport is funded through the Erasmus + funding program by the European Commission. The joint project is being carried out in cooperation with five European partners: Italian Association for Culture and Sports (AICS), LEAP Sports Scotland, Vienna Institute for International Dialogue and Cooperation (VIDC), FRIGO Hungary, German Sport University Cologne (DSHS Cologne).